In order to attain the targets of the Paris agreement on climate change and keep global warming well below 2°C, we need to totally stop burning fossil fuels within the next ~25 years and start removing CO₂ from the atmosphere (negative CO₂ emissions).
In the EU, since 1990, all sectors of the
Producing biodiesel, through a process called trans-esterification, requires bio-sourced fatty-acids together and methanol. Today’s methanol is usually fossil-based, which means that biodiesel is not 100% bio-sourced.
CONVERGE will bring a solution to this problem by developing a mean to produce methanol from agricultural waste at costs competitive to the fossil alternative, opening the way to truly bio-sourced biodiesel.
Through the CONVERGE Project the EU Commission will spend 5 million euros to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of biodiesel production from waste biomass. Through new technologies, the biodiesel production output will increase by 12 percent while reducing costs by more than 10 percent.
Today, less than 0.1 percent of all biomass is used to produce biodiesel, due to an inefficient and complex production process. The CONVERGE project will demonstrate a new innovative process that will make biodiesel competitive with fossil fuels in terms of both effectiveness and price.
In addition, CONVERGE will explore the possibility of BECCS (Bio Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage) in conjunction with biodiesel production to generate negative emissions, which removes carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. IPCC’s most recent report on staying below 1.5 degrees C calls for immediate deployment of negative emissions including BECCS.
Another advantage of
Fig. GHG emissions by sector in the EU (base year 1990) source: https://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/transport_en Note: * Transport includes international aviation but excludes international maritime; ** Other include fugitive emissions from fuels, waste management and indirect CO₂ emissions.